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Meanwhile, a plan for a great railway to connect Canada and the Maritime Provinces was being eagerly discussed. Lord Durham had advised the building of this " Intercolonial Railway," as it was called, and the Imperial government held out hopes of aid. But from various causes no help was given, and for many years the plan could not be carried out.

Div'ded   XVe are now coming to a time when respon-

Parties. sible government seemed almost a failure. The difficulty arose from the number of parties in the assculbly, all wanting different things. For instance, the ideas and plans of the Reformers of Upper Canada were often quite unlike those both of the Conservatives and the Reformers of Lower Canada. Besides this, there were extreme Reformers and moderate Reformers, and, extreme Conservatives and moderate Conservatives. \'ow, any one of these parties, if it stood alone, was certain to be outvoted by the others ; and it sometimes happened that several parties would join to turn out a government, but would not join to support a new ministry. Upon the whole, the bower Canadians agreed better amongst themselves than t11v Upper Canadians, and this gave them greater power.

New   In 1851 Francis Hincks and Augustin

Leaders.   Morin became leaders of the ministry in the place of Baldwin and Lafontaine.

Several great questions—amongst them that of the Clergy Reserves—were agitating the people. It will be remembered that in earlier years the Reformers had been chiefly anxious to obtain a fair division of the funds from the reserves amongst the different religious bodies ; but now a large party demanded that the reserves should be sold, and that the money should be used, not for the support of churches, but for education and public improvements.

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