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252   CANADIAN HISTORY FOR BOYS AND GIRLS.

By and by, however, American settlers pushed across the mountains, and the United States demanded the whole Pacific coast. " Fifty-four forty or fight!" was

t h e popular

cry. This meant t h a t t h e Americans wanted fifty-four degrees, forty In inutes, north latitude, to be t h e bound-

a r y. Their

'   territory

would t h e n

have touched

GROUP OF INDIAN CHILDREN.   Alaska — a t
Showing a baby in its moss-bag.

that time be-

longing to Russia—and the British would have had none of the sea-coast at all. Upon this the British government prepared for war, and sent Lord Cathcart, an experienced soldier, to take Metcalfe's place.

The Treaty But again the two countries made a peace-

of Oregon,   ful agreement instead of fighting. ' By the

1846. Treaty of Oregon it was decided that the fort--ninth parallel, which was the dividing line across the prairies, should also be the boundary from the mountains to the sea ;'but that Vancouver Island should belong to the British. This obliged the Hudson's Bay Company to give up some of its southern posts.

Trad In 1845 and for several succeeding years Trade Laws. the potato crop failed in Ireland, causing a dreadful famine amongst the poor. This and other

Picture

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