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CHAPTER XVII.
SOCIAL, CONDITIONS, z79z-MV.

 

Number of   During the half century following the pass-

People. ing of the Constitutional Act, the population had greatly increased. In 1841 there were about 630,000 people in Lover Canada, 470,000 in Upper Canada, and rather more than 400,000 in the Maritime Provinces.

HAumm, L ors.

Their In the latter the people gained their living Occupations. chiefly by fishing, mining, or lumbering, but in Canada the chief occupation was farming. In a great part of Lower Canada the farmers were poor, for so

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