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responsible government, he at once read it to the assembly. But, strangely enough, a resolution to adopt the plan was defeated by the casting vote of the speaker.

The Com-   In Nova Scotia the council was even more

pact in out of sympathy with the people than in NovaSeot;a. New Brunswick. All the councillors lived in Halifax, many of them -,vere related, and nearly all were chosen from the Church of

England, though a great many of

the p e o p l e belonged to other churches.'

Joseph   As in Upper Canada,

Howe. the people found a leader in the editor of a newspaper, but Joseph Howe was not so imprudent and excitable as 1\Iac

kenzie. He was the son of a

Loyalist. At the age of thirteen

he was apprenticed to a printer,   JOSEPH HOWE.

and a few years later began to publish the 1Vova Scotian newspaper. He gave offence by the energy with which he demanded reform, and in 1835 was prosecuted for publishing in his paper a letter accusing the magistrates of Halifax county of taking public money for their own use. No lawyer would undertake his defence, so he pleaded his own cause, and, to the intense delight of the people, won an acquittal. Soon afterwards he was elected to the assembly.

The Council Howe had not been long in parliament Condemned. when he brought in twelve resolutions, -,vhich were passed by the assembly, accusing the council of being self-interested, and opposed to liberty and the education of the people.

The council angrily threatened not to pass the supply bills unless these resolutions were withdrawn. The


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