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TIIIr UNION OF UPM AND LOWER CANADA. 231

 

grants being given recklessly, a rule was made that only members of the government might bring in money bills.

The new province was made responsible for the debts of both the old ones. That of Lower Canada was small; but Upper Canada had borrowed large sums for making canals and other improvements. These canals were of some benefit to the lower province, but the French Canadians naturally objected to sharing debts for works about which they had never been consulted; and they thought it unfair that the lower province, with a much larger population titan Upper Canada, should have only the same number of members in the new parliament. They were also annoyed because all the records of the parliament were to be kept in English. In fact, they did not like the Act of Union at all.

The   -There were to be eight members in the new

Executive   executive council, and those having seats

Council.   in the assembly were to follow the English plan and be re-elected after taking office.

Thompson, or Lord Sydenham and Toronto, as he had lately become, chose his first executive council from all the different political parties, of which there were five or six. William Henry Draper, a member of the Family Compact, and Robert Baldwin, the leader of the moderate Reformers of Upper Canada, both had seats, but the latter soon resigned.

The First In June, 1841, the first parliament of united Parliament. Canada met at Kingston, which had been chosen as the capital.

During its first session it passed a number of useful bills. One of the most important was a Municipal Act, as it was called, giving power to the towns and town-ships of Upper Canada to elect councils for the management of their local affairs. This plan saved the time of the assembly, and the local councils knew better than


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