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THt RI~B1;I,LION, 1837.   22I

is said to have been killed, they gave way and fled from the field. Many of the prisoners taken that day were pardoned on the spot, but their leaders were hotly pursued. With great difficulty Mackenzie escaped to the United States.

A few days later some rebels who had gathered at St. Eustache, in Lower Canada, were beaten by Sir John Colborne. He had a force of 2,000 men and several small cannon. On his approach many of the rebels deserted, but the rest obstinately defended themselves for two hours in the village church and some other buildings. To punish the rebels Colborne ordered the villages of St. Eustache, St. Denis, and St. Benoit to be burnt.

The prisons in both provinces Nvere soon crowded with men suspected of plotting against the government. The first effect of the revolt was to strengthen the hands of the Compact; and the loyalty of all the Reformers was doubted, in many cases most unjustly.-

Mackenzie Meanwhile, Mackenzie and a few kindred

on Navy   spirits, who had received a warm welcome

Island. from some American sympathizers, were collecting men in the United States for the invasion of Canada. In less than a week after his flight from Gallows Hill, Mackenzie ventured again into British territory, taking possession of Navy Island, in the Niagara River. He set up what he called " a provisional government " for Canada, offered a reward of $Soo for the capture of Sir Francis Head, and promised land and money to all who would help to conquer Canada. The " Patriot Army," as Mackenzie called his force, was left in undisturbed possession of the island for several days, but Colonel 1lacNab with a band of loyal volunteers closely watched it from the Canadian shore.

The   To carry their supplies, the rebels had "Caroline." hired from an American a well-built little


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