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THi; RirBi; LION, 1837•   219

The Rising The first object of the leaders was to obtain

in Upper   arms, and Sir Francis Head's imprudence

Canada. in having sent away the troops seemed likely to render this easy. A quantity of muskets lay unguarded in the City Hall at Toronto, and a night attack was planned for the seizure of these arms and of the governor and his advisers.

A few days earlier Mackenzie had published in his paper a plan for a " Constitution for the State of Upper Canada." Put though the officials had been ready enough to proceed against him in days when his loyalty was unquestioned, they now seemed determined not to interfere with his plans till he had led his followers into open rebellion. He professed to believe that the government could be overturned and a new one set up without bloodshed; but many of-the moderate Reformers would have nothing to do Nvith his schemes.

Toronto The plans of the rebel leaders were not well Threatened. laid. It was first decided that Toronto should be attacked on December 7th; then the day was changed to December 4th. This caused great confusion, and by the 4th so few men had gathered at the place of meeting (AIontgomerv's tavern, a few miles north of Toronto), that the attack had to be put off again.

Late that night Colonel Moodie, a supporter of the government, was fatally wounded while truing to force his way through the rebel guards to carry news to Toronto. One of the insurgent leaders was also shot by a prisoner whom he was taking to the tavern.

Colonel Van Egmond, an experienced soldier, who was to lead the attack on the city. had not arrived, and the excitable Mackenzie undertook to lead it himself.

Meanwhile, confusion reigned within Toronto, as well as without. On December 5th Head put his family on board a vessel in the bay, and then to gain time sent Mr.


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