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Sir Francis Late in 1835 Sir Francis Bond Head was Head. made lieutenant-governor of Upper Canada. He had been a soldier, and had written several amusing books of travel, but boasted that he knew no more of politics than the horses that drew his carriage. The Reformers had fancied that he would sympathize with them, and were grievously disappointed to find that he did not. In his speech on opening parliament, he declared that no change would be made in the Canadian system of government ; and he soon fell completely under the influence of the Family Compact.

Papineau's Sir John Colborne had said that the agita-Letter. tion in Lower Canada was injuring the country, and Papineau wrote to the speaker of the assembly of Upper Canada defending those who had taken part in it. Upon this the supporters of the government accused him of trying to stir up strife in the upper province, where bad harvests and bad trade had lately added to the discontent of the

The Execu- Early in 1836, however, the Reformers tive Council. began to think that better days were dawning, for three of their number were invited to enter the executive council. But it soon appeared that the governor did not think it necessary to consult his council, and a few weeks later all its members. Conservatives and Re-formers alike, resigned their seats. Sir Francis chose new councillors belonging to the Compact, and the assembly,


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