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without reference to the assembly. I n those days, though little more than half a century ago, few British statesmen thought it possible to give to colonists the same privileges of self-government as those enjoyed in the Motherland; and men who, had they been colonists, would have been amongst the leading agitators for reform, were inclined to think that the desire of the Canadians to control the public money showed a want of loyalty.x

Increased As it was thought likely that the passing Excitement. of these resolutions might raise a storm in Canada, Lord Gosford was directed to draw troops from the Maritime Provinces. The news did raise a storm. Papineau and many of the newspapers recklessly stirred up the people, and the whole country seemed rushing into rebellion. But Lord Gosford still tried to preserve the peace. Once more he called the assembly together, but it was in such an angry temper that he was obliged to prorogue it in a week.

Preparing   Some of the agitators began to drill and to

for the   make other preparations for rising, but


Papineau, alarmed at the flames he had done so much to kindle, now tried to discourage the violence of his followers. Meanwhile, Sir John Colborne, who had been governor of Upper Canada and was now commander of the forces, was also preparing for the struggle. He ,sent to New Brunswick for soldiers, and armed a number of Canadian volunteers. In this time of danger the Roman Catholic clergy came to the help of the government, as they had done twenty-five years earlier, and induced many of their people to remain quiet. Their bishops also tried to persuade the executive council to join in asking the Imperial government for changes which would satisfy the moderate Reformers, but in this they were not successful.

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