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tried about this time for libel, but the newspapers only became more violent, and petitions were sent to London, signed by a vast number of people, begging for a new system of government.

Grievances The British ministers were at last alarmed

Inquired   at the disturbances in all the different North

Into. American colonies. Lord Dalhousie was recalled, and Sir James Kempt was sent from Nova Scotia to govern Lower Canada in his stead. A committee was also appointed by the Imperial parliament to enquire what reason there was for the complaints of the colonists. It advised a number of reforms ; and the British government promised, on certain conditions, to give up to the assembly the control of almost all the public moneys. Meanwhile, Kempt tried in every possible way to soothe the Canadians. Papineau was allowed to act as speaker, and a number of useful acts were passed during the session. But an address was sent to the British parliament asking for greater reforms.\

Control of Late in 1830 Lord Aylmer was made govthe Supplies. ernor. A few months afterwards the British government offered to give up to the assembly all control of the revenue of the province, on condition that. it should vote what was called a civil list, that is, a fixed sum for the salaries of certain officials. The sum asked was not large, and the moderate Reformers wished to accept the offer, but Papineau and his party would have nothing to do with it because other reforms were not granted also. For several years after this no supply bills were passed, and as the governor had now no funds at his command, the judges and other officials received no salaries. This was called the " Officials' Famine."

The In 1834 ninety-two resolutions were passed Ninety-two by the assembly, repeating the old corn-Resolutions. plaints against the officials, and urging, as it had been urged many times before, that the members of

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