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Another notable Reformer, Wolfred Nelson, was a wealthy doctor of English descent; he joined heartily with the French Canadians in the struggle against the

tyranny of the officials. Both he and Papineau had served against the Americans in the war of 1812, The In 1816 Sir J o h n Governors. Sherbrooke, who had ruled Nova Scotia for five years, became governor-general. By his wise management he calmed, to some extent, the strife between the two political parties, but his health failed, and, at his own desire, he was recalled. The next governor,

the Duke of Richmond, though courteous and hospitable, had high ideas of his rights as the king's representative, and thought the assembly altogether in the wrong. In his time, when asked for an unusually large grant, the assembly tried to lower the salaries of the officials, and voted the grant in such a way that the council angrily rejected the bill. The governor took the side of the council, and sharply rebuked the lower house.

Lord   Soon afterwards the duke died of a terrible

Dalhousie. illness brought on by the bite of a tame fox; and in 1820 the Earl of Dalhousie took his place. The dispute about the supplies still continued, and when the two chambers could not agree upon a bill arranging for the payment of the officials, the governor used the public money without their leave.,

English   Besides these difficulties within the prov-

Laws for   ince, a quarrel had long been going on with

Canada. Upper Canada concerning the duties collected in the lower province. Upper Canada complained that for years it had not received a fair share of this money, In 1822 a bill was brought into the British par-



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