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The New   Sir John Colborne, who became lieutenant-

Governor, governor of Upper Canada in 1828, had won honour as a soldier, but his temper was so stern that he was unfitted to make the people think better of their

government. Soon after his arrival a great number of people begged him to pardon an editor named Collins, who had been fined and thrown into prison for having, as it was said, Iibe11ed one of the officials ; but Colborne was most unwilling to show him any mercy. Mackenzie. William Lyon Mac-

kenzie now had a seat in the assembly. With untiring

SIR JOHN COLBORNE.   zeal he dragged to light abuses in

the government, small and great, and, as a rule, he was supported by a large majority. But the executive councillors, having no need to ask the assembly for money, held calmly on their way, and the governor, when begged to dismiss them, disdained even to answer. On the death of the king (according to an old English •custom) the house was dissolved, and the officials made a great effort to secure a majority in the next election.

The violence of some of the Reformers had alarmed many sober people, who hated disorder even more than oppression, and many Reformers lost their seats. But Mackenzie was elected by the town of York, and continued to call attention to all kinds of grievances. The



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