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THE MARITIME PROVINCES AFTER THE WAR.   199

it soon became less profitable, and the governor, Douglas, tried to induce the people to pay more attention to farming.

The Mira- The summer of 1825 was very hot and dry, michi Fire. and in the autumn a frightful fire swept through the forests along the banks of the Miramichi. It left behind thousands of square miles of black desolation, killing the fish in the smaller streams, and utterly destroying many flourishing little towns and villages. Worst of all, nearly two hundred people perished in the flames or were drowned in flying from them. Most of those who escaped had lost everything, but the people of England, the United States, and the neighbouring provinces came generously to their help.

Prince   At this time Prince Edward Island had a

Edward   governor named Smith who wished to have

Island. his own way in everything. If the assembly displeased him he promptly dissolved it, and indeed for several years he ruled without calling the assembly together at all. He also caused much distress by trying to collect from the tenants the large sums due on the quit-rents which ought to have been paid years before by the owners of the land. At last the people met together and begged the king to recall the tyrannical governor. Much alarmed, Smith tried to arrest the bearer of the petition, but he reached England safely and Smith was recalled. After this no attempt was made to enforce the payment of quit-rents.

Newfound- During the war-time the people of New-land. foundland had had the fisheries all to themselves, and had obtained good prices for their fish. But when peace was made, the French and Americans again took part in the fisheries, wages fell, and the islanders suffered so terribly that some were sent to Halifax and some to Ireland. To make matters worse,


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