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CHAPTER VIII.

THE MARITIME PROVINCES AFTER
THE WAR.

The Great During the twenty-five years following the

immigra-   war, thousands of immigrants, or new set-

tion." tiers, poured into the British provinces. The change from war to peace caused great distress in England, for many regiments were disbanded, and numbers of men who had long been making guns and other things needed in war were thrown out of work. To help these people to make a living, the government now began to send them out to British America. Year after year they came from England, Scotland, and Ireland. By 1841 the population was three times what it had been in 1815. and the conditions of life had greatly improved; but at first the peace hardly seemed an unmixed benefit to several of the provinces.

Bad Trade In Nova Scotia many people were thrown

in Nova   out of work, and trade generally became

Scotia. very bad for a time. A number of work-men left the country, and the farmers were greatly distressed. As a class they were very ignorant, and slow to adapt themselves to changing circumstances. To rouse them, John Young, a Scotchman, calling himself " Agricola," wrote letters to the papers, and in 1818 an agricultural society was formed to bring in better plans of farming. °`

Lord The Earl of Dalhousie, now lieutenant-gov-Dalhousie. ernor, was eager to encourage improvements in education and road-making, as well as in farming.

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