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196   CANADIAN HISTORY FOR BOYS AND GIRLS.

in 1838 Selkirk's heirs gave up to this company the control of the Red River colcny.

Sir George For nearly forty years the affairs of the Simpson. reconstructed Hudson's Bay Company were managed by Governor (afterwards Sir George) Simpson. He was a Scotchman, like so many other notable fur-

traders. He was a little man, with

a love for show and pomp, but he had a strong will, boundless energy, great business capacity, and a talent

for ruling the Indians and bush-

rangers. In fact, he has been called

the " Emperor of the traders." He

did not wish to see the land taken up

' by settlers, but, in spite of himself,

his efforts to push the .fur-trade

opened the way for colonizing the

SIR GEORGE SIMPSON. wilderness, and the posts established for trade served to hold the country for the British. For years Simpson made his headquarters at Lachine, but travelled every year to the Red River. He also made many long journeys through the vast domains over which he ruled ; and once he took a trip round the world, going overland across the three continents of North America, Asia and Europe. He died at Lachine in 1860.s

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