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Though the life was hard, more settlers, Hardships. including a few women and children, soon joined the little colony. They were ill-provided with

tools for working the soil, but managed to break it up with hoes and to sow a little w h e a t. Meanwhile, supplies had run short, and early in 1814 Governor Macdonell had forbidden anyone to send pro-visions out of the country without a

license from him. This enraged the Nor'-westers and the halfbreeds. Taking up arms, they obliged Macdonell to go to Montreal to answer in the courts for his proceedings ; and they persuaded or forced all Selkirk's colonists to leave the country.r

But some came back with another band of seven oaks. settlers who reached the Red River in 1815. With these came Robert Semple, who had been appointed governor of the country by the Hudson's Bay Company ; but the Nor'-westers would not obey him, and again there was trouble and fighting. In the middle of June, 1816, a body of halfbreeds, under a Nor'-wester named Cuthbert Grant, marched towards Fort Douglas. Governor Semple, with a mere handful of men, met them at a place called Seven Oaks, about three miles from Winnipeg. A few hot words were exchanged, then suddenly the governor was shot down. Twenty of his men were slain also, and the Nor'-westers, taking possession of Fort Douglas, once more drove the settlers from their homes.



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