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176   CANADIAN HISTORY TOR BOYS AND GIRLS.

troops were driven back to the shelter of some houses. A lofty stone pillar in memory of the hero now marks the field of battle on the Heights. When the news of the capture of Detroit reached England, General Brock was knighted, but he died before knowing of the honour that had been conferred on him.

A few hours after the general's death a fresh body of British troops, under the command of General Sheaffe, arrived upon the field, and there was another hot fight. This time the Americans were beaten. Some of the invaders, in dread of the Indians, flung themselves into the river, and Sheaffe took so many prisoners that he hardly knew how to keep then safely.

Invasion of A month later General Dearborn, who had

Lower   been inactive all summer, crossed the

Canada. boundary as if to march upon Montreal. But the militia of Lower Canada sprang to arms, and after a few skirmishes Dearborn retreated to Plattsburg.

Smyth's   In the same month the Americans again

Failure. tried to get a footing in Upper Canada, this time near Niagara. They were now under the command of a general named Smyth, who boasted loudly of the great things he would do. Burt he succeeded in nothing; his men lost faith in him, and he was at length dismissed from the army in disgrace.

British   But though the British were victorious on

Losses at   land, they had been beaten at sea. Several

Sea. battles had taken place between single ships, and in each the British were forced to strike their flag, for their vessels were not so well armed, nor so good in any way, as those of the small American navy. At last the British ministers saw that they must fit out better ships. ;


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