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right as white men to defend their homes from invasion; and he gladly accepted their offers of service, though he tried to prevent their committing any cruelty.

On August 4th a party of Americans carrying pro-visions to Hull's camp was surprised in the woods near

Detroit and put to flight by a band of warriors under the Shawnee chief, Tecumseh. This noted chief clung in many things to the old habits of his people, but he was honourable and merciful, and tried to prevent his followers ill-using their wounded foes.

Hull's   After spending nearly

Surrender. four weeks on Canadian soil and doing nothing, Hull retreated to Detroit. Brock followed, and was preparing for an

assault on the fort when, to his great surprise, Hull surrendered with all his force, which had been proudly named " The Grand Army of the \Vest." He also gave up the whole territory of Michigan. His angry country-men afterwards had him tried by court-martial—that is, by the officers of the army—and the was condemned to be shot for cowardice, but was pardoned by the president.

Upper Canada was still in danger, however, A Truce. for another American army, as large as that which had surrendered, had gathered near Lewiston, and invasion again seemed threatening. But before this force had crossed the river, Sir George Prevost and General Dearborn, the commanders-in-chief of the British and American armies, agreed upon a truce. It appeared that the orders-in-council had been withdrawn just before war was declared, and it was thought that the Americans might wish to withdraw their declaration



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