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172   CANADIAN HISTORY FOR BOYS AND GIRLS.

Provinces and Newfoundland, which did good service throughout the war. Had it not been for the courage and promptness of her own people, Canada must have been lost to the British Empire, for in all the provinces at the outbreak of the war there were less than 4,500 regular soldiers.

Sir George Prevost, who with all his good qualities was not a clever general, was commander-in-chief. But the troops in Upper Canada had an excellent leader in Major-General Isaac Brock, who also had charge of the civil government. He was born in the Island of Guernsey in 1769. He had fought in the European wars, and had served ten years in Canada. The regular forces at his command were altogether too small for the defence of the long frontier of Upper Canada; but he called the militia to his aid..

Americans   Shortly after the declaration of war an

Cross the   American force, led by General Hull,

Border. crossed the Detroit River into Cana. Hull tried to persuade the people to remain neutral if they would not help him. But they scorned his threats and his promises, and flocked to B.r:ock's banner in such numbers that he could not find arms for all.

Fall of   The first blow was struck in the far west.

Michilli-   Fort Michillimackinac, on a little island

mackinac. in the strait between Lakes Huron and Michigan, was an important American trading-post, but its commandant was not informed of the outbreak of war till a British force from a little post forty miles away suddenly appeared before his gates. Not being ready to fight, he was obliged to surrender.,t

The western Indians now took up arms The Indians. for the British. Hull had declared that no mercy would be shown to white men fighting by the side of Indians. But Brock replied that they had as good a


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