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CHAPTER II.
THE GROWING POWER OF THE COUNCILS.

The governments of Great Britain and her colonies were sometimes said to be on the same plan. But, as we shall see, there was a great difference between them, for the mother-country had what is called Responsible Government, and the colonies had not.

The British The head of the British government under Government. the sovereign is called the prime minister,

and he chooses other

statesmen, who form what is called his cabinet, to fill the great offices of government. It is the duty of one, for in-stance, to plan how money is to be raised for the expenses of government, of an-other to look after the navy, and so on.

These ministers are responsible—that is, are obliged to account for their actions—to the sovereign and the people. A prime minister resigns, or gives up his office, if the sovereign refuses to take his advice, or if he fails to carry some important bill through the House of Commons. Sometimes, however, he may think that the people in general approve of his actions, even though the members of parliament have voted against him. He then asks the

163

BLOCKHOUSE AT KINGSTON.

More than a century and a quarter old.

Picture

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