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160   CANADIAN HISTORY FOR BOYS AND GIRLS.

panies of militia to defend the country, and equipped a small fleet with which he hoped to keep control of Lake Ontario. He tried, too, by the offer of free grants, to persuade those Loyalists who had remained in the United States to come to Canada. Many came, and Simcoe settled them along the frontiers to defend the country in case of need. A number of Loyalists and other new-comers also took up land in the eastern townships of Lower Canada.

The British still held several forts in the western territory now belonging to the United States, retaining them

NAVY HALL, NIAGARA.

on the ground that the government of that country had not kept its promise to see that the property of the Loyalists was restored to them. This made the Indians hope for help from the British, and at last they took up arms to prevent American settlers pressing into their hunting-grounds. But, to their disappointment, the British did not join in the war. Indeed, at this time both they and the Americans seemed anxious to be at peace.

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