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SOCIAL, CONDITIONS ABOUT 1791.   155

In the newly-settled districts footpaths were Roads. marked through the woods by " blazing " the trees, or chopping bits of bark off them. Later, roads were cut through the forests, rough wooden bridges were thrown across the streams, and logs were laid in marshy places to make them firm, if not even. These were called " corduroy " roads. There were not many wheeled carriages, and oxen were generally used instead of horses.

Amuse-   The young people were fond of dancing,

ments.   generally to the music of a fiddle. " Quilt-

ing-bees," "barn-

raisings," a n d other gatherings for work often ended in regular merry - makings, and after a wed-ding the festivities usually lasted for several days. Unfortunately, at these times especially, there was

m u c h drunken-   OLD LOG SCHOOLHOUSE.

n e s s      amongst (This schoolhouse, only recently torn down, was
situated near Burford, in Brant County, and

both French and   was reputed to be the oldest in.Ontario,)

English, and too often the feast closed with a fight.

Education   At this time books were scarce; almost the

and only libraries in the country were two or Literature. three connected with the colleges, and one founded by General Haldimand at Quebec in 178o, when five cases of books were sent out from London.

Perhaps the lack of books was felt the less because so few of the people could read. There were private schools at Quebec, Kingston, and other places, to which the chil-

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