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154   CANADIAN HISTORY POR BOYS AND GIRLS.

people drank tea made from sassafras, or the " tea-plant," and sweetened it with maple sugar from the trees growing on their own land. The sap was boiled down in big black kettles, hung over great fires in the open air, and the boys and girls of those old days seem to have thought sugar-making one of the best frolics of the year..-

SUGAR-MAKING—11 BOILING DOWN."

 

The Hungry Soon after the coming of the Loyalists the Year. crops failed, and in Upper Canada there was such te: i ible distress that 1788 was long called " the hungry year." Several people died of starvation, and others were poisoned by eating roots unfit for food. A few people, better supplied than the rest, made large profits, but others at the risk of their own lives shared all they had with their starving neighbours.

Wild   In parts of Canada rattlesnakes were corn-

Beasts. mon; and soon after this a reward was offered of four dollars for each wolf and two dollars for each bear killed in the upper province.

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