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146   CANADIAN HISTORY FOR BOYS AND GIRLS.

 

line between the new provinces in such a way that most of the French people should be on one side, and most of the English on the other. Some clever men thought it a mistake to make this division, but Lord Dorchester and William Pitt, who was the son of the famous Earl of Chatham, and was himself a great statesman, thought it the best way of preventing quarrels between the French and English Canadians...,

The Consti- Before the province was actually divided :utionai Act, the British parliament passed what is called 1791. the Constitutional Act, arranging for the government of the new provinces.

In imitation of the government of Great Britain, the new governments were each to consist of a governor, to represent the king ;'''a legislative council, to take the place of the House of Lords; and an assembly, instead of the House of Commons. ` The legislative councillors were to be chosen by the governor, and were to hold their seats for life Aut the members of the assembly were to be elected by the people,. and a new assembly was to be elected at least once in every four years. No member of the legislative council or minister of any church might sit in the assembly ; but, under the new law, Roman Catholics were as free as Protestants to become members or to vote for them.

The governor in each province was to have the right to call the assembly together, but was never to allow more than twelve months to pass between its sessions, as the times of continuous sitting day after day are called.

'> He might also prorogue the assembly, or put a stop to its sittings till he chose to call its members together again ; or he might dissolve it—that is, he might order a new election of its members before the four years had passed.,

Making   Before a bill, as a proposed act is called,

Laws•   could become law, the members of the legislative council and the assembly were to vote upon


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