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CHAPTER VIII.

 

CANADA DIVIDED.

 

Loyalists A large number of Loyalists settled in Can-in Canada. ada: but they much disliked being under French laws and having no share in the government- of the country. Soon they joined the other English-speaking people in demanding an assembly, but for a long time no change was made.

Lord At last Sir Guy Carleton, or Lord Dor-Dorchester. chester, as he had now become, was made governor-general of all the British provinces of North America. He returned to Canada in 1786, and received a warm welcome from all classes. He at once tried to find out what reason there was for the complaints of the people.

A Bad State Lord Dorchester soon saw that there was of Affairs. good reason for complaint. It was difficult to obtain justice. There were no schools, for, when Canada became. part of the British empire, those of the Jesuits were closed, and none had been opened in their place. Trade was seriously injured by unwise laws, and by the uncertain state of the government, and was very bad. But though most of the people were dissatisfied, they had different opinions as to what should be done. Some wanted an assembly ; others thought it better not to have one. Both parties besieged the king with petitions, and took every means in their power to have the question of government settled as they wished.

The   The British ministers at last saw that it

Province   was needful to make some change. In

Divided.   1791 they advised the king to divide the old province of Quebec into two, and to fix the boundary

so   145


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