THE FOUNDING OF NEW BRUNSWICK.
Parrtown. In Nova Scotia many of the Loyalists
settled along the St. John River, perhaps because a few families who had left Boston before the war had founded a thriving little colony there. The chief settlement was at the mouth of the river, on a rocky point of land, almost surrounded by salt water. At first it was called Parrtown, in honour of the governor of Nova Scotia, but soon its name was changed to St. John.
Disagree- Poor as the Loyalists were, their coming
meets. did much good to the thinly-settled British provinces. But it also caused some difficulties and disturbances. In Nova Scotia they quarrelled with the early settlers, and complained of the way in which the governor treated them.
New They wished to be allowed to send mem-Brunswick hers of their own to the assembly, and
Founded, when Governor Parr said that he had no
1784. power to order the election of more members, they asked the British government to divide the province, and to give them an assembly for themselves. This was done ; and in 1784 the country north of the Bay of Fundy became the Province of New Brunswick. At the same time Cape Breton Island, where many Loyalists had settled, was also put under a government of its own; but in 1820 it was again joined to Nova Scotia.