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the backs of pack-horses. Others came by lake and stream in flat-bottomed boats. Still others, waiting till the ground was covered with snow, brought their goods and their little ones in long, narrow sleighs, with horses harnessed one before the other.

But the hard journey was only the beginning of their troubles. Men and women, who had once been rich, went

about half-starved and in rags. They came so suddenly and in such numbers that the earlier settlers were quite unable to help them all. Churches and school-houses were used as shelters, and rough huts were quickly built, but, during the winter, many suffered terribly from cold and hunger.

Helped by   To make up in part

England. for their losses the British government gave the Loyalists thousands of acres of land and

about fifteen million dollars in money, but it took a very long time to decide what sum ought to be given to each. When they were settled on their farms the government helped them for a little while with food, tools, clothing, and other things, but, in spite of this, they were very poor.

Good   Their coming strengthened Canada greatly,

Settlers. and they actually founded two provinces of the Dominion—New Brunswick and Upper Canada, or Ontario. In many ways they were good settlers for a new country. They had plenty of courage and strength of character, as they had shown by choosing to suffer great hardships rather than do what they thought wrong; and, on the whole, they knew better than most colonists



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