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seem to have expected that when their army entered Canada the people would flock to join it.,

Montgom- One force, aiming at Montreal, went by the erg's Army, old Iroquois way up Lake Champlain. This had been opened to the invaders by the daring of Ethan Allan and his " Green Mountain Boys," who, in the spring, had surprised and taken the forts at Ticon

deroga and Crown Point. The Americans were led by General Montgomery, an Irishman who had fought under Wolfe at Quebec.

In this time of danger the Canadian seigneurs and priests stood firm for the British. But the lower classes did not wish to fight on either side; and when Sir Guy Carleton called on them for aid only a few hundred men came for-ward. With these few, however,

and a handful of British soldiers, Carleton gallantly pre-pared to fight to the last.

Montgomery was at first successful. He captured the forts on the Richelieu at Chambly and St. John's, though the latter held out against him for forty-five days.

Ethan Allan had been sent forward to try to persuade the Canadians to join the army, but instead of being content to do as he was told, he tried with one hundred and fifty men to take Montreal, which contained twelve thousand people. Allan himself was captured and was sent in chains to England to be tried as a rebel.

Arnold's   Meanwhile, another body of American

Force. troops was slowly marching through the wilds from Casco Bay towards Quebec. Food was scarce, and the men suffered terribly. Their leader was



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