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The   General Murray, who was made governor

Promised   of the new province of Quebec, soon found

Assembly. that a hard task had been laid upon him. He appointed a council to help him to govern, but did not call together an assembly, as he had been told to do, because all the Canadians were Roman Catholics, and under the English law of that time no Roman Catholic might sit in parliament. If he had called an assembly, a very few English traders and government officials would have had power to make laws for the Canadians, whose language and customs they did not understand. As it was, Murray was obliged by the laws against Roman Catholics to choose all magistrates and other public officers from the English Protestants; and he complained that so many of the latter were ignorant or wicked that it was difficult to find men fit for such positions. On the other hand, the English-speaking people, or " old subjects," as they were called, declared that they would never have settled in the country if they had not been promised an assembly. They wrote again and again, begging the king to give them one, and insisted that the orders of the governor and his council ought not to be obeyed..

The First   But though the English people gave the

Canadian governor a great deal of trouble, they did Newspaper. some good things for Canada. Most of the French Canadians had been quite content without books or newspapers—indeed many could not read—but the "old subjects " had been only a short time at Quebec when some of them set up a printing press and began, on June 21st, 1764, to publish a newspaper called The Quebec Gazette. The printers came from Philadelphia, and. the type and press were brought from England. Halifax, however, had had a newspaper since 1752.

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