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BOOK I.

French and English Laws.

CHAPTER I.

THE INDIAN WAR AND CHIEF PONTIAC.

Treaty of In 1 762 the Seven Years' War came to an Paris, 1763. end. By a treaty, signed at Paris early in the following yea' France gave up to Britain all claim upon Canada and Acadia." and at the same time ceded Louisiana to Spain, keeping of all her North American possessions only two little islands near Newfoundland—St. Pierre and Miquelon—as fishing stations. England was now mistress of the eastern part of North America from Hudson Bay to the Gulf of Mexico.

The people of Quebec and Montreal were well satisfied with their new rulers, but the French at Detroit and the other western forts were angry when they had to give them up to the English, for they had hoped that Canada would be given back to France when peace was made. Some wise Frenchmen, however, pleased them-selves. with the thought that England's own colonies would soon break away from her now that they no longer needed her help against New France.

The Indians in the west also were disappointed, for they did not like the English as well as they liked the French.

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