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imitation flowers made by the nuns, and with wood-work carved by the boys of Laval's seminary.

Work and   Till 1705, except for a short time tender

Trade. Talon's rule, the Canadians manufactured scarcely anything; but in that year a store-ship was lost

on its way to Quebec, and the people set a b o u t making clothes and o t h e r needful things for themselves.

About 1713 the Canadians began to send to other countries wheat, fish, and

FRENCH CARD MONEY.   lumber, as well as
(Showing autographs of Beauharnois, the Gov-

ernor; IIocquart, the Intendant; and Varin, furs.   The fur-trade
Controller of the Treasury.)

was still very badly

managed, and many people were ruined by it. The government fixed the prices at which goods were to be sold. This sometimes prevented their being sold at all, and more than once a great quantity of furs had to be burned.

Early in the century a labourer's wages. were twenty-five sous (or cents) a day, but with this as much could be bought as with seventy-five cents now. Sometimes the settlers were obliged to fight or to work for the government without pay, though they received food.

Taxes and   They paid few taxes, however, and if the

Money. government had managed trade and money matters better, they would not have been badly off. People were constantly carrying the gold and silver coins out of the country, so in 1685 the French government began to use cards, bearing the signature of the governor and two other officials, for money instead of coins. At first playing cards were used, but afterwards a special


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