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Then some British ships sailed up the river, and took or burned a few French vessels that were helping De Levis. He was in despair, and when night came he hurried off towards Montreal, leaving guns and tents and food behind. Murray marched after him. but could not overtake him.

France now sent a fleet to aid the men who were trying so bravely to save Canada for her, but it was met and utterly defeated by an English fleet in the Bay of Chaleurs. —

Surrender   Meanwhile, Amherst from the one side, and of Canada, Murray from the other, were marching on

1760. Montreal. De Vaudreuil's men were fast deserting him, the fortifications were poor, and, knowing that an •attempt to defend the town would only cause a useless waste of life, he gave up Montreal and all Canada on September 8th, 176o. Thus the long struggle between France and England came to an end at last.

The regular soldiers became prisoners of war, and, after promising not to fight any more during the war, were sent back to France. The militia-men were also allowed to go home. A few Canadians belonging to the upper class chose to go to France, but the rest, on receiving a promise that their property should not be taken from them, and that they should be allowed to worship God in their own way, became British subjects. General Murray now ruled Quebec and its neighbourhood with the heln of his chief officers, and other officers became governors of Montreal and Three Rivers. Murray took great pains to follow the French customs as far as possible, and the Canadians liked him.

Nova   Till Quebec was taken the Acadians and

Scotia. Indians on the borders of Nova Scotia were exceedingly troublesome to the English governor. But when they knew that they could expect no more

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