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CHAPTER XIII.
THE CAPITULATION OF CANADA.

The English When the English fleet sailed for home at Quebec. seven thousand men under General Murray were left to guard Quebec. They suffered much from cold. Many fell ill, and by spring only half of them were fit for duty. Murray treated the citizens well, and many became British subjects.

The war had prevented the Canadians gathering in their crops, and many died of want. De Vaudreuil, in Montreal, found it difficult to get food for the soldiers whom he had gathered there to be ready to fight the English in the spring.

A Timely   In April ten thousand of these men, under

Warning. De Levis, marched towards Quebec. But, by a strange accident, the British received timely warning. A French artilleryman, who was helping to land some guns near Quebec, fell on a loose piece of ice, and was swept down the river. His cries were heard by some English sailors at Quebec; he was rescued, half-frozen, and, when questioned, gave information of the approach of his countrymen.

Second   On the landward side the defences of

Battle for   Quebec were crumbling away, and Murray

the City. decided to march out to meet the French, though he had but one man to their three. For an hour and a half the battle raged, then the English were driven back into the city. But their courage did not fail, and even the wounded tried to help in the defence. For several days the roar of the cannon scarcely ever stopped.

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