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OPENING OF' THE SEVEN YEARS' WAR   95

 

time there was danger of a serious rising against the government.

Pitt. amongst the king's ministers, and the affairs of the colonies were now managed by a great statesman, named William Pitt, afterwards Earl of

Chatham. He gave the army in America good leaders, and soon the fortunes of war turned. General Amherst was m a d e commander-in-chief, and, with Admiral Boscawen, was ordered to attack Louisbourg.

James   Under A m h e r s t

Wolfe. served James Wolfe, afterwards famous for the capture of Quebec. He was a tall, narrow-

shouldered young man, with red   WILLIAM F'rrx hair, a pale skin, and a receding

chin and forehead. His body was weak, but his will was firm and strong.

' aature of After some difficulty the English succeeded Louisbourg. in landing at Gabarus Bay. Wolfe was one of the first to go ashore, and, armed only with a cane, led the way up the rocks against a hot fire of bullets. Louisbourg was well manned, but the fortifications were unfinished and badly built. The English soon surrounded the town, destroyed the ships in the harbour, and shattered the houses with shot and shell. But the garrison held out gallantly till a breach was made in the walls. Then the commandant surrendered, his soldiers became prisoners of war, and the whole of Cape Breton Island and Isle St. Jean (Prince Edward Island) submitted to the English. •

In England there had been changes

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