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other English colonies. They were allowed to take their money and a little furniture, but not their cattle. Their houses were burned and their lands were taken from them. Some escaped to the woods where they were given shelter by friendly Indians, but several thousand were sent into a long and painful exile. The colonies to which they were sent were in some cases unwilling to receive them, and they suffered much privation, especially during the first winter. Eventually, however, at the close of the Seven Years War, many returned to Nova Scotia, and today there are no more industrious and loyal people than the Acadians of the Maritime Provinces.

MOUTH OF THE GASPEREAU RIVER. (Where the Acadian exiles were embarked.)



The First   Lawrence now had a struggle with the


Assembly. English settlers. They had been promised a representative government, that is, that they should be allowed to choose men from amongst themselves to help to make the laws and govern the country. Lawrence did not want their help, but at last the British Government ordered him to tell the colonists to choose representatives, and a House of Assembly met at Halifax for the first time in October, 1758.


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