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THE WAR OE THE AUSTRIAN SUCCESSION.   85

William   The French tried to persuade their old

Johnson. enemies, the Iroquois, to take part in

these raids; but they were held firm to the English cause by a young Irishman, William John-son. He was a great favourite with them, and the Mohawks adopted him as a chief.

At last the war Treaty of   came to an end, and

Aix-la-

Chapelle,   in Ii48, to the great

t?as.   vexation of the Eng-

 

lish colonists, Eouisbourg was re-   SIR WILLIAM JOHNSON.

stored to France by the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle. It is said that Ding George II. refused at first to give up the fortress, on the ground that it belonged, not to him, but to the New Englanders, who had won it. Afterwards, how-ever, he was persuaded to relinquish it, in return for the restoration by the French of their conquests in India. i

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