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some left their homes and accepted grants of land from the French in the country north of the Bay of Fundy, which was claimed both by France and England.

The   Meanwhile, English colonists were pushing

Debatable   into other parts of the debatable lands, and

Lands. De Vattdreuii, not caring to attack them openly in time of peace, hounded on the Indians against them. He gave the warriors guns and gunpowder, and provided food for their families while they were away.

On the other hand, the assemblies of the English colonies grudged the cost of defending the outlying settlements, and it was only when roused by some unusually horrible outrage that they made any serious attempt to check the raids. At last the Indians them-selves grew tired of war and made peace.

In the year 1725 the French built a fort New Forts. at Niagara. Soon afterwards the English built one at Oswego, on Lake Ontario, in the hope of increasing their trade with the western Indians. Not to be outdone, the French next built a trading-post where Toronto now stands, and another, some time later, at Crown Point, on Lake Champlain.

La Verendrye About the same time Pierre de Varennes,

and his   Sieur de la Verendrye, began his western

sons. explorations. The son of a governor of Three Rivers, who had been an officer in the Carignan regiment, La Verendrye, in his young days, fought for his king in Europe, and was badly wounded at the battle of Malplaquet. After his return to Canada, he became commander of a little French post on Lake Nepigon, and, hearing from the Indians of waters that led to the western sea, he resolved to find his way thither. To pay his expenses he obtained a monopoly of the fur-trade in the North-West, and, in 1731, set out with three sons and a nephew on his explorations. Hardship

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