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woods, and appealed for help to his Indian friends. Some years earlier a terrible war had raged between them and the people of New England. It had left behind a feeling of bitter hatred, so the Indians were ready enough to fight. They retook Penobscot, killing a number of per-

sons who gave themselves up on promise of mercy, and for many months they made frequent raids on the English borders.

The English at During these years the Hudson Bay. traders near Hudson I lay had led an exciting life. Though the country had been given to France by the Treaty of St. Germain-en-Lave, Charles II., king of England, granted it in 167o to some of his subjects, who formed the

famous Hudson's Bay Company, which is still in existence. Prince Rupert, the king's cousin, was its first head, and in his honour the country was called Rupert's Land. The company built several little forts on the shores of the great bay, and the Indians began to carry their furs to them instead of to the French trading-post at Tadousac.

Radisson   Upon this the French remembered their

and Des long-neglected claim to the Hudson Bay Groselliers. country, and formed what was called the Company of the North. In 1682 this company sent two small vessels to the Bay, commanded by Radisson and Des Groselliers, two Frenchmen who had been in the service of the English traders. About the same time a vessel from Boston and another from England arrived on the scene ; but the French built a little fort on the Nelson River, and, overpowering their rivals, rifled and burned one of the English trading-posts, and returned to Canada with a great quantity of furs. Not being pleased



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