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CHAPTER IV.

STRIFE IN ACADIA AND ON HUDSON BAY.

Sir Thomas Though Acadia had been given up to Temple. France by the Treaty of Breda, in 1667, Sir Thomas Temple tried hard to keep the grant on which he had spent so much money. He was forced to loose his hold, however, and in 167o he left Acadia a ruined man.

St. Castin. people in Acadia, and Penobscot was the only fortified place. Once it was taken by the Dutch, but it was afterwards held for many years by a French-man of good family, the Baron de St. Castin. He married an Indian princess, and became rich in the fur trade. He was thief of a band of correurs de bois, who made his house their headquarters. He kept a priest or two to teach the Indians, over whom he had great influence, but he himself led a wild, savage life.

The   At this time the governors of Acadia were

Governors   so anxious to make money that they took

of Acadia. no notice of the laws. Perrot, formerly governor of Montreal, was one of them. They unlawfully sold brandy to the Indians, and fishing licenses to the English. As a rule the French government left them to do as they liked, only now and then troubling them by a sudden and inconvenient interest in their doings. i Attacks on In 1688 Penobscot was taken by the gov-Penobscot. ernor of New York, who held that it was within the English boundary line. St. Castin fled to the

5   65

At this time there were only 450 white


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