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LA BARRE AND DENONVILLI~.   63

corn, in the hope that hunger would force them to submit. The other Iroquois nations and the English supplied them with food, however, and Dongan, declaring that Denonville had invaded English territory, prepared to help the Senecas to defend themselves.

Iroquois   But merely defending themselves did not

Outrages. suit the Iroquois. For two terrible years they prowled through the country, preventing the western Indians from bringing down their furs to Montreal, and murdering and scalping the settlers who ventured into the fields. It was impossible to till the ground. Food was sold at famine prices. New France was threatened with ruin, and Denonville's courage failed. He agreed, like La Barre, to a treaty in which his Indian allies were not mentioned. But a Huron chief, named Kondiaronk, or " The Rat," found a way, as he said, " to kill the peace."

The Rat's   He lay in wait for a party of Iroquois, and

Plot. slew several, pretending that he had never heard of the treaty, and was acting by Denonville's orders. When told of the treaty, he professed the utmost horror at the governor's treachery, and set all his captives at liberty except one, whom he said he intended to adopt. But instead of adopting him, he took him to the fort at Michillimackinac, and he was shot by the French. who really had not heard of the peace. The wily Rat next sent home an old Iroquois who had been imprisoned in the fort, bidding him tell his people what he had seen of the treachery and cruelty of the French. He obeyed, and his countrymen prepared in silence for a frightful revenge. ..-

''l Massacre )f On the night of August 4th, 1689, the

Lachine,   people of the long, straggling village of

1689.   Lachine went quietly to rest, little thinking that under cover of the darkness and of a raging storm


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