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able for his zeal and humility in religious matters.


Iroquois   which the Five Nations Country.

generally made their way into Canada. This frightened them, and three of the tribes sent chiefs to beg for peace. But the Mohawks sent no messengers, and, to increase their desire for peace, a strong force was ordered to C attack them. It was January when the little army left Quebec, led by the new governor, De Courcelle. The soldiers, who had lately arrived from France, suffered terribly on the march. Heavily

burdened with provisions, unused to A GETHENTLEMANTIMEOF .

walking on snowshoes, and too thinly

clothed, many fell behind to die. The rest pushed • on. After weeks of hardship they came upon the English, who had lately made themselves masters of the Dutch colony—from that time called New York—and were forced to turn back without striking a blow. Later in the year De Tracy led a larger force into the Iroquois country. The march was difficult ; and the viceroy, too old to walk, and unable to ride for want of roads, was carried in a chair at the head of his troops. The Mohawks fled into the woods, but to show them that they were not beyond the reach of punishment. the French burnt their houses. Soon they sent to beg for peace. and a treaty was made, which was kept for many years, though the Indians still quarrelled amongst themselves.


brought with him a large number of pages and young noblemen, gorgeous in " lace and ribbons, and great flowing wigs." \Vith him there came, too, the Carignan regiment, the first regular soldiers ever sent to Canada}

Invasion   Before winter set in, three forts were built

of the   on the Richelieu, or Iroquois River, by


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