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THE NATIVE RACES.   7

 

which were made from shells and bones, until Europeans brought glass beads into the country...,

The Indians (lid not know how to write, Records. but some of the shell-beads, called wampum, were made into collars and belts of curious pat-

terns, and were used as reminders of important events. For instance, when one tribe made a treaty with another, a belt of wampum was given at the end of each clause; and these belts were put into the charge of old men, who

were expected to remember and explain their meaning. To a certain extent, the Indians also used picturewriting—that is, they made rough sketches instead of

writing words.

Super-   The Indians h a d

stitions. very strange ideas about God and religion. They believed in a great Good Spirit and a great Bad Spirit. They did not pay much attention to the Good Spirit, but tried to frighten the Bad Spirit by wearing charms, and to put him in good humour by making strange sacrifices to him. They believed, also, that a host of unseen beings peopled the woods and mountains and streams, and affected their fate for good

or ill. The "medicine-men," who professed to be able to make rain and to control evil spirits, had great influence. When a man fell ill he was thought to be pos-

WAMPUM BELT.

INDIAN MEDICINE-MAN.

Picture
Picture
Picture

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