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PART I.
The Struggle for Possession.

INTRODUCTION.

THE history of Canada, from the close of the sixteenth century to the year 1;6o, is the story of a long struggle between the French and English for the possession of a great part of this continent. It became more intense as the colonies of the rival nations grew stronger, and it was embittered by the quarrels of the mother-countries in the Old World, and by the plan, followed alike by French and English, of using the warlike Indians as a weapon against their foes. The Indians were gradually driven northward and westward, and became of less importance as constant warfare drained away their strength and the number of the Europeans in America increased. The rivalry of France and England is, therefore, the great central fact round which are grouped all the lesser i icidents of the story of Canada, from the founding of Quebec in i6o8 to the surrender of Montreal a century and a half later.


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