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General Bourlamaque in Montreal, Commissary-General Berniers says :

"Confusion, disorder, and pillage reign even among the inhabitants, and the English make examples of severity every day. Everybody rushes hither and thither, without knowing why. Each searches for his possessions, and not finding his own seizes those of other people. English and French, all is chaos alike. The inhabitants, famished and destitute, fly to the country. Never was there seen such a sight."

But the British authorities were not idle, and the passing weeks soon showed at least a semblance of order. Guard-houses were placed at every point, sentries innumerable paced the ramparts, and squads of men patrolled the streets on duty of all kinds, always under strict orders to show consideration to the townspeople. Nor could this humane policy fail to meet with a ready and friendly response. So long had the unfortunate Canadians been the half-ruined dupes of Bigot, Cadet, and their harpy crew, that any effort at honest administration was a revelation to them.

Brigadier-General Murray, son of Lord Eli-bank, now in command, was a capable and energetic soldier, a counterpart and contemporary

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