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NEIGHBOURS IN 1745   37

Massachusetts, as the head and front of the expedition, raised money, recruited over three thousand men, and was indefatigable in impressing the need of union on her sister colonies, until the ardour of New Hampshire, Connecticut, and Rhode Island was worked up to the proper pitch. William Pepperel, a wealthy merchant of Kittery, possessed of energy, good sense, some knowledge of volunteer tactics, and the necessary popularity, was selected and placed in command. Whatever may have been good Master Pepperel's ideas of his own qualifications, the widely religious communities in simple faith gave their cause as well into the care of a higher Power, without which, they were convinced, the earthly one would be of little avail.

Each of the four New England colonies at the time supported her own little navy, comprising ten armed sloops all told. Each carried from eight to twenty guns, most of which were but nine - pounders, with a few twenty-two - pounders thrown in, and the efficacy of these toys against the armaments they sought to attack may be readily judged. It was stated at the time that one or two French frigates, several of which might arrive at any moment,


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