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Canada and her British

Neighbours in 1745

HE attitude of the French and

English to each other in America during the earlier part of the eighteenth century had not arisen from new hatreds or wrongs kind-

ling into sudden flame between new peoples. It was the natural outcome of the centuries-old quarrels and misunderstandings of two great nations, transplanted to fresh surroundings, and plentifully supplied with all needed material in an arrogant trade rivalry and seizure which neither could or would brook in the other, and into which, on both sides, had been enlisted the merciless and bloody services of their Indian allies.

On land, from Tadousac on the St. Lawrence to the Far West, at many a well-chosen inter-section of lake and river, the French had built trading posts, each with its loopholed block-house or substantial stone fort, in some cases

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